Ash Trees – Black, White, Green
Black Ash is also called swamp ash, hoop ash and basket ash. The ash tree grows to the height of 30′-70′ and between 1′ to 1 1/2″ in diameter. It is a small to medium sized tree with a slender trunk and a rounded crown.
Black Ash is the only eastern ash with stalkless leaflets. The winter leaf buds are blue black. The dark green foliage emerges late in the spring and drops early in the fall. The Black Ash likes to grow in cold swamps and bogs.
The leaf is between 10″-16″ long with 7-11 leaflets with 4″ to 5″. The flower is purplish and emerges in the early spring. The fruit on the Black Ash is 1″-1 1/2″ long and comes in the late summer.
The bark of the Black Ash is gray and soft, it fissures into scaly plates that when rubbed can reduce into a powdery substance. Black ash easily separates into thin layers and the strips of wood are used in making baskets, hoops for barrels and chair bottoms. Sometimes ash is used for interior finishing by carpenters.
White Ash can grow between 70′ to 100′ in height and 2′-3′ in diameter. This is a medium to large size tree with a straight trunk and dense symmetrical crown. The bark fissures make diamond pattern. Older trees have buttressed trunk base and massive branches. When growing in the forests the lower branches may start high on the tree.
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